Smart Cities: The Real Benchmark of Transformation and Growth
The IoT industry has taken a very interesting path in the last few years. With high expectations from early on, some disappointment can be felt in the market and skeptics are starting to debate IoT in boardrooms. Many are questioning its business value, and whether it will generate justifiable ROI or achieve sustainable development goals.
The major concern is when the market will see positive economic gain at a scale? How big and sustainable will it really be?
There is no one simple answer. The market reality is that IoT is not an isolated technology or independent business segment, but rather an integral component of the overall digital transformation that ICT brings to our world ─ a fully interconnected ecosystem.
Regardless of where you are in the world, we see successful IoT stories in strategic segments like utilities, transportation, agriculture, and manufacturing.
Everyday we witness businesses that have already begun to feel the initial payoff from implementing IoT applications in their perspective operations, outcomes, and regional implementation in the developed and developing world alike.
Smart Cities: A true driver of the IoT ecosystem
I’m usually selective in the IoT conferences I attend and out of many choices, I prioritize those themed around Smart Cities. This isn’t just because of the latest technologies that are discussed, because they also provide a benchmarking opportunity to gauge the state of the IoT industry and its current position with respect to achieving the promised economic growth.
Smart City meetings bring together all the high-powered decision makers from every part of the ecosystem, including thought leaders, technology suppliers, enterprises, government representatives, academic researchers, and non-profit organizations. All give in-depth perspectives on local, national, and global IoT perspectives.
What the research says
In the Smart City context, McKinsey Global Institute MGI recently published Smart Cities: Digital Solutions for a More Livable Future, which assesses how Smart City applications could affect various quality-of-life dimensions such as safety, health, environmental quality, social connectedness, civic participation, jobs, and the cost of living.
The research holds that Smart City applications can improve some key quality-of-life indicators by 10 to 30 percent. Examples the report cites include reducing water consumption by up to 20 percent, un-recycled waste by 10 to 20 percent, disease by 8 to 15 percent, public transport commute times by 15 to 20 percent, crime by 30 to 40 percent, and emergency response times by 20 to 30 percent.
The report also correlates the adoption success rate of Smart City deployment and the availability of the underlying technology base in terms of the extent of sensors and devices, the quality of communication networks, and the presence of open data portals.
It shows that high-income cities in North America, Europe, China, and East Asia are continuing to build out a strong underlying technology base, while developing cities face a disadvantage, particularly in installing the sensor layer, the most capital-intensive element.
This explains why cities like New York, San Francisco, Stockholm, Amsterdam, Singapore, Seoul, Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo, Abu Dhabi and Dubai are among the front runners. All have ultra-high-speed communication networks and are in the process of launching 5G services. These cities have also expanded their sensor base beyond what most of their global peers have achieved.
Similar to how mobile technologies have contributed to the global economy, we can draw similar projections for IoT. The latest GSMA2018 mobile economy report indicates that mobile technologies and services generated 4.5 percent of GDP globally in 2017, a contribution that amounted to US$3.6 trillion of economic value within a wider mobile ecosystem.
Putting that in an IoT context where the forecasted numbers of IoT connections in 2025 will surpass the number of connected people, then we can similarly measure IoT contribution in an economy by Average Connection Per Capita, as an indicator that has similar weight to GDP per capita, ARPU (average revenue per user) in telecoms, or ARPC (average revenue per connection) in IoT.
The number of connections per capita might well reflect the economy’s and organizations’ ability to generate value and revenue demonstrating their financial and economic strength.
The sooner things, industries and people are connected the sooner the benefits will be generated. The economic cost of not being connected is really high in the longer term.
The good news is that the market shows us strong indisputable indications that IoT is on the right track; not only for the potential economic prosperity in industrial countries, but equally importantly, to create substantial development for populations in emerging countries.
There are excellent examples of some rapidly developing markets in Asia, where the annual growth in IoT connections reached 55 per cent a year between 2010 and 2013.
Market analysis also shows some general characteristics of successful IoT projects in emerging markets. However, with few exceptions, we find deployment scale, investment level and ownerships of the majority of those projects are driven by SME private sectors and implemented in isolation and independent of supporting infrastructure or public frameworks.
However, for large scale deployment, IoT potential growth is subject to other key factors such as long-term investment where high risks need to be continuously monitored, adjusted and cleared through policies beyond the ability of SMEs or the private sector to handle.
For that reason, many countries have already taken the lead to adapt national IoT strategies that enable legislation to promote the deployment of key technologies and networks, to fund and incentivize smart IoT solutions that boost market-driven investment, and accelerate projected economic growth.
India is a perfect example where the first ever IoT Policy Document was released by the Indian Government in October 2014, which sets out the government’s aim to create an IoT industry in India worth US$15 billion.
The following features will accelerate the IoT industry: the availability of advanced and secured telecom infrastructure, mobile broadband, ultra speed wireless technologies, sophisticated AI, data analytics capabilities that transform commercial operations, low power devices, and open data platforms.
A lot of interoperability work still needs to bridge the gap between the globally leading digitalized infrastructure and existing legacy systems.
IoT needs partnerships
Collaboration, collaboration, and collaboration is the basic mindset that needs to be cultivated, not only across industries and at a local or national level, but also at the international level.
Collaboration through open competition, open standards and interoperability should be encouraged sooner rather than later. Enabling private and public sector partnerships are indispensable factors for advancing progress.
Collaboration with industry leaders through adapting IoT readily available acceleration programs, market place enablement with industry partners to fast track the know-how, avoid hidden unknown costs, bring to bear the right expertise to apply the best practices and IoT lessons learned from the early adaptors in the global market, create an innovative open-lab environment that will all accelerate entry to the business and economic growth path.
The speed and real value of IoT will emerge when constructive collaboration and engagement models are created. This means a shift to a collaborative and co-existing culture across technology providers, industry leaders, governments and corporations, both regionally and internationally.
Click on the link for more information the upcoming Huawei Smart City Summit & SCEWC 2018.